When we talk about the traditional paintings, the word ‘heritage’ and ‘legacy’ comes to our mind. I have always thought how is it possible for an art style that was prevalent thousands of years ago to be still popular.
There must be something magical about it.
Today, I am going to give a walk through the top 5 traditional paintings form of India. Let’s begin:
1. Madhubani Paintings
Perhaps every art lover or artist who is from India knows this ethnic art form. Madhubani paintings are quite old, approximately 2500 years.
The inspiration or the backstory of this art form takes us back to the time of Ramayana. It was the wedding of Lord Rama and Goddess Sita and King Janaka ordered his artists to adorn the palace.
Hence the art of Madhubani painting was born.
It is quite astounding to see how the Madhubani art style is being passed on from one generation to another. In other words, you can say that the Madhubani paintings offer the reflection of time.
This form of art originated from Bihar and is practiced in 4 different forms; Bharni, Katchni, Geru, Godna, and Tantric.
2. Warli Paintings
This art form has its birthdate in 3000 B.C.
Unlike other Indian traditional paintings, this art style does not celebrate a burst of colors.
This art form is quite calm and serene in its own way. Typically, Warli paintings have exquisite geometric designs of flowers, wedding rituals, day-to-day activates and hunting scenes.
People from the states of Gujarat and Maharashtra have been exposed a lot to this sort of painting.
3. Gond Paintings
The name comes from the biggest Adivasi (tribal) community in India, Gond. It is believed that the origin of the Gond people can be looked back to the pre-Aryan times.
This art form is found in the state of Madhya Pradesh and nearby areas. The Gond paintings are known to depict the nature’s bliss such as hills, streams, forests, birds, animals, and humans.
One interesting aspect of this form of paintings is that it resembles Australia’s aboriginal art style owing to the usage of dots to create patterns.
4. Pattachitra Paintings
This form of art comes from the states of Orissa, especially from the village of Raghurajpur, where there is at least one member from each house who still holds the skill.
The term Pattachitra means an art to carve astonishing images on leaves. However, today, Chitrakars or artists also utilize other mediums such as cloth, paper, and canvas.
In the traditional times, these paintings were only carved men, but today you would find a lot of women and young girls engaged in the crafting.
The subject matter of these paintings revolves around Lord Jagannath and the tales from Radha-Krishna, Mahabharata, and Ramayana.
There are other Indian traditional paintings too, but I think these are the four major highlights of our art culture.
If you think I should have included some other forms in the list, shout your opinion in our comment section below. Thanks!