India is one of the rarest lands that is an amalgam of different religions, cultures, and traditions. All the individuals, irrespective of their religion live harmoniously. The country has people of various ethnicities, it is home to many Indian traditional paintings. In fact, there are many people who earn a living by making such paintings. Art and craft is an inevitable part of India, it is practiced by many native artists. All of them are extremely creative and use many artistic and basic elements to make exquisite and unique art and craft. The general public finds the effortless yet intricate patterns very fascinating all across the world.
Since time immemorial, these paintings have festooned the walls, homes, clothes etc. of the Indian streets and houses. However, as, time passed by and new art form came into being, people started considering this art form as primeval and obsolete. Thus, their visibility got reduced drastically. It was only with the advent of the 20th century that these paintings revived. This sudden change happened due to the research and studies that were being carried out by various students and groups that people started realizing the vitality of these Indian traditional paintings.
Nevertheless, Indian land has an assortment of paintings. A unique trait about these paintings is that they reflect the social issues, traditions, cultures, and beliefs uniquely. Many of them are taken by people as souvenirs too. Clearly, the paintings are as diverse as the culture itself. Hence, in this article, we have mentioned some of the most famous Indian traditional paintings. Take a look.
- Madhubani Paintings-
The painting style has originated in Bihar. The word Madhubani means ‘Madhu’ means Honey and ‘ban’ means forest. Thus, these paintings are developed by the people living in the hilly and wooded terrains of the Bihar region. The artisans used to create Madhubani paintings on the walls. The art was basically practiced by the women residing in the villages of Bihar. They used to make deities of Hindus using intricate geometrical patterns. Moreover, the art was used by the practitioners as a way of showcasing their love for nature and respect for the divine. The art was earlier practiced on mud walls but is now also made on hand-made papers, canvas, and fabrics.
- Kalamkari Paintings-
Kalamkari is originally an art style of Persia which was adopted by few Indian regions like Andhra Pradesh and Machilipatnam. As the name suggests, Kalamkari is an art form which is made by Kalam ‘Pen’ and is a Kari ‘Craftsmaship’. This painting style is the one which uses pen to make patterns on a canvas which is filled with colors later on. Moreover, the paintings are made using only natural and organic ingredients. The fabric used to make these paintings is usually found glossy. It looks glossy as the mixture is first immersed in resin and cow milk for almost an hour. The fermented jagri and water too is used after that. After applying every material, the canvas is left for cooling. The cloth undergoes at least 15-20 washes. The colors are made of tints of plants, flowers, seeds and cow’s dung.
- Pattachitra Paintings-
This painting was used initially to tell stories. The painting style used to revolve primarily around the Lord Jagannath. The paintings used to portray Lord Jagannath using various colors and paintings in different forms. The art form used to depict a few elements of nature as well. Krishna would be depicted in blue and Gopis using the shades of brown, purple and golden. The painters used to make these paintings with buffalo’s neck and hair of Mongoose and rat.
Although there are many paintings, the foretold paintings are the ones which are extremely popular and known. The Indian culture and art are vanishing in this world which is largely influenced by modern art. Hence, it is inevitable to revive traditional paintings of India and reminiscing them every now and then. Traditional art speaks volume about the culture of India and thus it is necessary to promote the artisans to start doing it again.